Jean-Paul Sartre was one of the leading influential figures in 20th Century French Philosophy. Born on 21st June 1905, he died at the age of 74 on 15th April 1980. Sartre lost his father when he was 15 months old, and was raised by his mother and grandfather who instilled an early interest in classical literature.
He was attracted towards philosophy at an early age and did his doctorate in Philosophy from Paris at the École Normale Supérieure, where he also met Simone de Beauvoir, his lifelong romantic companion. He soon gained popularity as an existentialist philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic.