Saint Thomas Aquinas was an Italian philosopher and theologian in the school of Scholasticism. He was born circa 1225 and died March 7th 1274. He was also a priest at a Catholic Church in the Dominican Order. A very influential philosopher of his time, much of modern thought has been derived as a criticism of or in agreement with his ideas and beliefs relation to politics, ethics and natural law.
Born in Aquino, Aquinas was of noble lineage and had his early studies at Monte Cassino. He later studied at Naples, where he was introduced to Aristotle, Averroes and Maimonides, all of whom had an effect on his later thinking. At age nineteen, he decided to join the Dominican Order, which drew many negative reactions from family.